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Tax incentives and/or other incentives for drivers of electric vehicles in MD.
A low-speed vehicle is defined as a four-wheeled electric vehicle that has a maximum speed capability of 20 miles per hour (mph) to 25 mph. A low-speed vehicle must be registered with the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration and comply with federal safety standards contained in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, section 571.500. The State Highway Administration or any local authority may prohibit the use of low-speed vehicles on any controlled access highway in its jurisdiction. Low-speed vehicles are only permitted on highways with a speed limit of up to 30 mph, but may, except in certain situations, cross highways for which the maximum speed limit exceeds 45 mph if the intersection is controlled by a traffic light or a four-way stop sign. (Reference Maryland Statutes, Transportation Code 11-130.1, 21-313, 21-1125, and 22-101)
Qualified PEV and FCEV purchasers may apply for a tax credit against the imposed excise tax, up to $3,000. The tax credit is first-come, first-served, and is limited to one vehicle per individual and 10 vehicles per business entity. Vehicles must be registered in Maryland, unless the vehicle manufacturer conforms to applicable state or federal laws or regulations governing PEVs or FCEVs during the year in which the vehicle was purchased, or the vehicle was originally registered in another state. A qualified vehicle must meet the following criteria:
The credit is returned to the taxpayer in the form of a check from the state. Applications have exceeded the 2019 Fiscal Year program funding, but will still be accepted and placed on a waitlist (verified April 2019). For more information, including the request form, see the Maryland Department of Transportation Motor Vehicle Administration's Excise Tax Credit for PEVs website.(Reference House Bill 1246, 2019, and Maryland Statutes, Transportation Code 13-815)
Permitted PEVs may operate in any Maryland HOV lanes regardless of the number of occupants. Qualified PEVs must have a maximum speed capability of at least 65 miles per hour. To operate in HOV lanes, PEV owners must obtain a permit from the Maryland Department of Transportation Motor Vehicle Administration (MDOT MVA). The cost of the permit may not exceed $20. Each year the MDOT MVA and the State Highway Administration must report PEV use in HOV lanes to the governor. This exemption expires September 30, 2022. For more information, see the HOV Permit Issuance for PEVs page. (Reference Senate Bill 70, 2019, and Maryland Statutes, Transportation Code 25-108 and 21-314)
Conventional original equipment manufacturer vehicles altered to operate on propane, natural gas, methane, ethanol, or electricity are classified as aftermarket AFV conversions. All vehicle conversions for vehicles certified only to California Air Resources Board (CARB) standards must meet current applicable CARB standards for aftermarket conversions. However, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) certified conversion kits may be used on EPA 50-state certified vehicles and vehicles with dual-certification that are 14,000 pounds or less. (Reference Code of Maryland Regulations 26.11.34)
The Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) offers a rebate to an individual, business, or state or local government entity for the costs of acquiring and installing qualified EVSE. Between July 1, 2017, and June 30, 2020, rebates for 40% of the costs of acquiring and installing qualified EVSE, or up to the following amounts:
|Business or State or Local Government||$4,000|
|Retail Service Station Dealer||$5,000|
Applicants must demonstrate compliance with state, local, and/or federal law that applies to the installation or operation of qualified EVSE. Other requirements may apply. Total funding for each fiscal year will not exceed $1,200,000. This program will continue to receive rebate applications, however funding for this program is not currently available (verified January 2020). For more information, see MEA's EVSE Rebate Program page.(Reference Maryland Statutes, Business Regulation Code 10-101, and State Government Code 9-2009)
Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BGE) offers a time-of-use (TOU) rate for BGE residential customers who purchase or lease a PEV. The TOU rate, Schedule EV, applies to the energy used for the entire residence during a billing period. Participation requires a meter capable of measuring TOU data. For more information, see Schedule EV.
Pepco offers a time-of-use rate to all qualified Pepco residential customers in Maryland who own or lease a PEV. For more information, see Pepco's Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging website.
FirstEnergy residential customers can lease a Level 2 EVSE for a monthly rate for three years. Included in the lease is the installation of the EVSE and a repair or replacement guarantee for the life of the agreement. For more information, including terms and conditions, see the FirstEnergy Electric Vehicle Charger Lease website.
Baltimore Gas and Electric (BGE) provides rebates to residential and multifamily customers toward the purchase of qualified Level 2 and direct current (DC) fast charging EVSE. BGE offers residential customers a $300 rebate for a Level 2 smart EVSE. BGE offers customers that own or operate multifamily properties a rebate of 50% of the purchase and installation cost of Level 2 smart EVSE, up to $5,000 per port, and 50% of the purchase and installation cost of eligible DC fast charging EVSE, up to $15,000 per port. There is a maximum rebate of $25,000 per multifamily site. Only chargers purchased and installed after July 1, 2019, are eligible. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including how to apply, see the BGE EVsmart website.
Pepco provides rebates to residential and multifamily customers toward the purchase of qualified Level 2 EVSE. Pepco offers residential customers a $300 rebate for a Level 2 smart EVSE. Only chargers purchased and installed after July 1, 2019, are eligible. Pepco offers customers that own or operate multifamily properties a 50% discount on the purchase of eligible Level 2 smart EVSE and a 100% discount on the accompanying installation. Additional terms and conditions apply. For more information, including how to apply, see the Pepco EVsmart website.